Articles and Essays

Amin, Camron Michael. “Globalizing Iranian Feminism, 1910-1950.” Journal of Middle East Women’s Studies, Vol. 4, No. 1(Winter 2008): 6-30.

Armstrong, Elisabeth. “Before Bandung: The Anti-Imperialist Women’s Movement in Asia and the Women’s International Democratic Federation,” Signs, 41 (2): 2016: 305-331.

Armstrong, Elisabeth. “Indian Peasant Women’s Activism in a Hot Cold War,” in Gender, Sexuality and the Cold War, edited by Philip Muehlenbach, Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press, 2017.

Badran, Margot. “Arab Feminism.” In Feminist, Islam and Nation. Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1995, 223-250.

Basu, Amrita “Reflections on Forum ’85 in Nairobi, Kenya: Voices from the Women’s Studies Community. Signs, 11 (3), Spring 1986: 602-605.

Bonfiglioli, Chiara “Women’s Political and Social Activism in the Early Cold War Era. The Case of Yugoslavia,” Aspasia 8 (2014): 1-25.

Chen, Martha Alter “Engendering World Conferences: The International Women’s Movement and the United States.” Third World Quarterly, 16 (3), 1995: 477-493.

Daskalova, Krassimira. “How Should We Name the ‘Women-Friendly’ Actions of State Socialism?” Aspasia, Volume 1, 2007: 214-219.

de Haan, Francisca, ed., FORUM “Gendering the Cold War in the Region,” Aspasia 8 (2014):162–190.

de Haan, Francisca. “Continuing Cold War Paradigms in the Western Historiography of Transnational Women’s Organisations: The Case of the Women’s International Democratic Federation (WIDF),” Women’s History Review, Vol. 19, No. 4, 2010: 547-573.

de Haan, Francisca. “The Global Left-Feminist 1960s: From Copenhagen to Moscow and New York,” in The Routledge Handbook of the Global Sixties. Between Protest and Nation-Building, ed. Chen Jian, Martin Klimke, Masha Kirasirova, Mary Nolan, Marilyn Young, and Joanna Waley-Cohen, Routledge: 2018: 230–42.

de Haan, Francisca. “The Women’s International Democratic Federation (WIDF): History, Main Agenda and Contributions, 1945-1991,” inWomen and Social Movements International—1840 to Present (WASI) digital archive, edited by T. Dublin and K. Kish Sklar, 2012.

de Haan, Francisca. editor and Introduction, FORUM “After Ten Years: Communism and Feminism Revisited,” Aspasia 10(2016): 102–168

Donert, Celia. “Showcasing the welfare dictatorship: International Women’s Year and the Weltkongress Der Frauen, East Berlin 1975.” In Sozioalistische Staatlichkeit, ed. Joachin von Puttkamer and Jana Ostercamp. Munich: Oldenbourg, 2012: 143-160.

Donert, Celia. “Women’s Rights in Cold War Europe: Disentangling Feminist Histories,” Past and Present (2013) Supplement 8: 179-202.

Funk, Nanette. “A very tangled knot: Official state socialist women’s organizations, women’s agency and feminism in Eastern European state socialism” European Journal of Women’s Studies, (21) 4, 344-360.

Ghodsee, Kristen and Julia Mead, "What Has Socialism Ever Done for Women?" Catalyst, Vol. 2, No. 2, 2018: 101-133.

Ghodsee, Kristen and Kateřina Lišková. "Bumbling Idiots or Evil Masterminds? Challenging Cold War Stereotypes about Women, Sexuality and State Socialism," Filozofija i društvo, Volume 27, Broj 3 (2016): 489-503

Ghodsee, Kristen. “Rethinking State Socialist Mass Women’s Organizations: The Committee of the Bulgarian Women’s Movement and the United Nations Decade for Women, 1975–1985,” Journal of Women’s History, (24)4, Winter 2012: 49-73.

Ghodsee, Kristen. “Untangling the Knot: A Response to Nanette Funk,” European Journal of Women’s Studies, March 2015.

Grabowska, Magdalena. “Bits of Freedom: Demystifying women’s activism under state socialism in Poland and Georgia,” Feminist Studies, Vol. 43, No. 1, 2017: 141-168

Grabowska, Magdalena. “Bits of Freedom: Demystifying Women’s Activism under State Socialism in Poland and Georgia,” in: Feminist Studies, 43:1, 2017,  pp. 141-168.

Grabowska, Magdalena. “Bringing Second World In: Conservative Revolution(s), Socialist Legacies and Transnational Silences in the Trajectories of Polish Feminism“ in: Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 37:2, 2012, pp. 385-411. 

Grabowska, Magdalena. “Bringing the Second World In: Conservative Revolution(s), Socialist Legacies, and Transnational Silences in the Trajectories of Polish Feminism.” Signs, Vol. 37, No. 2: 2012.

Grabowska, Magdalena. “Overcoming the Delay Paradigm: New Approaches to Socialist Women’s Activism in Georgia and Poland” in: “Gender in Georgia”, eds. Maia Barkaia and Alisse Waterston, Bergham Books, 2017, pp. 61-77.

Ilic, Melanie. “Soviet Women, Cultural Exchance and the WIDF.” In Reassessing Cold War Europe, edited by Sari Autio-Sarasma and Katalin Miklossy. (New York: Routledge, 2011): 157-174.

Johnson-Odim, Cheryl. “’For Their Freedoms’: The Anti-imperialist and International Feminist Activity of Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti of Nigeria.” Women’s Studies International Forum. 32(2009): 51-59.

Kadnikova, Anna. “The WIDF World Congress of Women, Moscow, 1963: Women’s Rights and World Politics during the Cold War,” MA Thesis, CEU,

Knopova-Ziferblat, “The Soviet Union and the International Domain of Women’s Rights and Struggles: A Theoretical Framework and a Case Study of the Soviet Women’s Committee (1941-1991), Masters thesis, CEU, 2011.

Martin, Maria. “’More Power to Your Great Self’: Nigerian Women’s Activism and the Pan-African Transnationalist Construction of Black Feminism.” Phylon Vol. 53, No. 2(Winter 2016): 54-78.

Marik, Soma. “Breaking Through Double Invisibility: The Communist Women of Bengal, 1939-1948,” Critical Asian Studies, Vol. 45, No. 1 (2013): 79-118.

McGregor, Katharine. “Indonesian Women, The Women’s International Democratic Federation and the Struggle for ‘Women’s Rights,’ 1946-1965, Indonesia and the Malay World, Vol. 40, No. 117 (July 2012): 193-208.

McGregor, Katharine, “Indonesian Women and Ant-Imperial Activism and Thinking, 1945-1965,” in Women and Social Movements International—1840 to Present (WASI) digital archive, edited by T. Dublin and K. Kish Sklar, 2016.

Molyneux, Maxine. “Analysing Women’s Movements,” Development and Change, Vol. 29, 1998: 219-245.

Molyneux, Maxine. “Family Reform in Socialist States: The Hidden Agenda.” Feminist Review, No. 21, 1985: 47-64

Molyneux, Maxine. “Socialist Societies Old and New: Progress Toward Women’s Emancipation?” Feminist Review, No. 8 (Summer, 1981): 1-34.

Molyneux, Maxine. “Some international influences on policy-making: Marxism, feminism, and the ‘woman question’ in existing socialism.” Millennium: Journal of Development Studies, 18, 1989: 255-63.

Molyneux. Maxine. 'Women's Rights and the International Context: Some Reflections on the Post-Communist StatesMillennium: Journal of International Studies Vol 23. No 2.

Mrozik,  Agnieszka. Beasts, demons, and cold bitches. Memories of communist women in contemporary Poland, „Baltic Worlds” 2017, No. 4, pp. 54-57.

Mrozik, Agnieszka. Communist Women and the Spirit of Transgression: The Case of Wanda Wasilewska, „Second Texts” 2016, No. 1, pp. 116-143.

Offen, Karen. “Defining Feminism: A Comparative Historical Approach,” Signs, (14) 1, 1988: 119-157.

Richard, Anne-Isabelle. “The limits of solidarity: Europeanism, anti-colonialism and socialist at the Congress of the Peoples of Europe, Asia and Africa in Puteaux, 1948,” European Review of History Col. 21, No. 4 (2014): 519-537.

Rorich, Leonie. “Decentring Feminist Internationalisms: Indian and International Women’s Organizations between the World Wars,” Zeitschrift fur Global geschichte un verglieichende Gesellschaftsforung 23(2013): 47-67.

Terretta, Meredith. “A Miscarriage of Revolution: Cameroonian Women and Nationalism.” Stichproben: Wiener Zietschrift fur Kristische Africastudien, No. 12(2007): 61-90.

Turrittin, Jane. “Aoua Keita and the Nascent Women’s Movement in the French Soudan,” African Studies Review, Vol. 36, No 1 (April 1993): 59-89.

Wang, Zheng. “”State Feminism”? Gender and Socialist State Formation in Maoist China,” Feminist Studies 31 (3) Fall 2005: 519-551.

Wang, Zheng. “Creating a Socialist Feminist Cultural Front: Women of China (1949-1966).” The China Quarterly, 204, December 2010: 827-849.

Weber, Charlotte. “Making Common Cause?: Western and Middle Eastern Feminists in the International Women’s Movement, 1911-1948,” dissertation, Ohio State University, 2003: 178-221.


Primary Sources

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  • 蔡畅,“世界民主妇女运动的现状及其任务报告”,1949年3月27日,《中国妇女运动文献资料汇编》,中国妇女出版社,1988年 [Cai Chang, “A report on the current state and tasks of the world democratic women’s movement”, March 27, 1949, Source materials of the Chinese women’s movement, Chinese women’s Press, 1988.]

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  • 邓颖超,“亚洲妇女为民族独立、人民民主与世界和平而斗争”, 《亚洲妇女代表会议文献》1950年 [Deng Yingchao, “Asian women fight for national independence, people’s democracy and world peace”, Documents of Asian Women’s Conference].

  • 邓颖超,“亚洲妇女为民族独立、人民民主与世界和平而斗争”, 《亚洲妇女代表会议文献》1950年 [Deng Yingchao, “Asian women fight for national independence, people’s democracy and world peace”, Documents of Asian Women’s Conference].

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  • 会议宣言:“致亚洲各国妇女姊妹书”,“告美国、英国、法国、荷兰妇女书”,“关于争取妇女权利的决议”,《亚洲妇女代表会议文献》1950年 [Conference Declarations: “To sisters in Asia”, “To women in the United States, England, France, and Netherland”, “Resolution on pursuing women’s rights”, Documents of Asian Women’s Conference].

  • 国际民主妇联理事会 文献,《中国妇女》1956年第5期 [Documents from 1956 WIDF Executive Committee meeting held in Beijing, in Women of China, No. 5, 1956]

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  • National Federation of Indian Women Conference Report 1965

  • Articles from early editions of NFIW magazine, Women’s News

  • "Recalling Old Days: How the NFIW was formed," 20th

  • Anniversary Special, NFIW Publication, 1974

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  • NFIW Publication, 2009.

  • Zofia Lissa, "Musical impressions from the visit to People's China", 1953.

  • Jadwiga Siekierska, "The charms of China," 1955,

  • Wanda Wasilewska, "30 days in China," 1957

  • David G. Tompkins, "Red China in Central Europe: Creating and Deploying Representations of an Ally in Poland and the GDR", in Socialist Internationalism in the Cold War: Exploring the Second World, eds. P. Babiracki and A. Jersild, Palgrave Macmillan, 2016.

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  • Sun Hsin-lan, “The Marriage Law Brought Happiness to My Home,” Women of the Whole World (Jan. 1954): 10-11.

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  • Deng Yuzhi  鄧裕志. “Shanghai YWCA Factory Women’s Night Schools” 《上海基督教女青年会女工学校》. Collected Works of Deng Yuzhi  鄧裕志先生纪念文集. Shanghai: National Committee of the Chinese YWCA, 2000, pp. 14-22.

  • Zhang Shuyi张淑. “Remembering the Shanghai YWCA Women Factory Workers’ Night Schools”《回忆上海女青年会的女工夜校》. Selected Materials on the History and Culture of Shanghai, 1977-1981上海文史资料选辑.1979, no.5: 85-98. Shanghai guji chubanshe, 1984.

  • Tang Guifen 汤桂芬. “General Conditions of the Cotton Workers’ Struggle in Western Shanghai” 《沪西纱厂工人斗争的概况》. Materials on the History of the Workers’ Movement in Shanghai 上海工人运动历史资料. Shanghai: Shanghai shudian chubanshe (1956), no. 9: pp. 1-17.

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  • Shenbao reports on the Shenxin strike, Jan. Mar. 1948

  • ILO Correspondent, Monthly Report, February 1948 (report on the strike)

  • Film: United We Stand for Tomorrow团结起来到明天. Directed by Zhao Ming 赵明

  • Literary Reportage: Huang Gang 黄钢 . They are the Victors:A Report on the Struggle of Workers at the Shanghai Shen Xin No. 9 Mill 《她们是胜利者 -- 上海申新九厂工人斗争的报告》. Workers’ Art and Literature Publishing House, 1951.

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